The chief Kharif crops are the millets, known as Bajra and Jowar, paddy and maize. In north it is sown in kharif and summer and in west and south besides kharif, rabi crop is also taken. In India, jowar plant is grown in areas with less than 100 cm rainfall and temperature ranging from 26 deg to 33 deg C. After wheat, the sorghum or jowar is the grain with the highest cultivable land in the country. Crops that are grown during Rabi season are referred to as Rabi crops … Information about your device and internet connection, including your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps. The Rabi crops are sown in the period between October and December and harvested in April and May. You can change your choices at any time by visiting Your Privacy Controls. It is a kharif where average mean temperature is high.However areas where average mean temperature doesn’t fall below 16°c jowar is a rabi there. Jowar is both a kharif and rabi crop beacause it can grow well in dry farming areas without irrigation support as well as in wet areas and where there is a supplement irrigation facility . Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. Paddy, maize, bajra, jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India. kharif crop are grown in monsoon months which are from June to November. On the contrary, Oats, Wheat, Gram, Barley, etc., are such plants that grow in the winter season and so-termed as Rabi crops. As a kharif crop, it grows well in areas having mean monthly temperature of 26°C to 33°C. Maize is mainly a rainfed kharif crop which is sown just before the onset of monsoon and is harvested after retreat of the monsoon. between Rabi and Kharif season - March to June These are Summer Crops, or also called as Zaid Crops Example - Cucumber, Watermelon, Bitter gourd (Karela) Among the different kinds of cereal crops in India, jowar occupies a major prominence. (b) Millets—Jowar, bajra and ragi (c) Pulses—urad, arhar, gram (d) Oilseeds (b) Millets—Jowar, bajra and ragi 10. Kharif Crops Rabi Crops; Meaning: Kharif crops can be described as the crops which are sown with the beginning of the rainy season. Yahoo is part of Verizon Media. Animal Plants Space Physics RABI AND KHARIF CROPS Plants that are grown in large quantities in a particular area or region during a particular season are called crops. 202 views Following is the brief list of rabi and kharif crop of Pakistan. They are sown in June and July and are harvested in autumn months that means in September and October. For example, Padd… kharif crop are grown in monsoon months which are from June to November. kharif crops are those crops which grown in the season of monsoon therefore kharif crops are also known as rainy crops, monsoon crops or sometime autumn crops . Our product range comtains a wide range of Jowar and Maize, Sorghum bicolor, commonly called sorghum and also known as great millet, durra, jowari, or milo, is a grass species cultivated for its grain, which is used for food, both for animals and humans, and for ethanol production. We and our partners will store and/or access information on your device through the use of cookies and similar technologies, to display personalised ads and content, for ad and content measurement, audience insights and product development. 0 0 1. It is being taken up with much enthusiasm in Nanded and Pune districts of Maharashtra and Bidar district of Karnataka. Fertile well-drained alluvial or red loams free from coarse materials and rich in nitrogen are the best soils for its successful growth. Jowar and Bajra are: (a) Kharif crops (b) Rabi crops (c) Zaid (d) All of these. The crop requires good surface drainage. Paddy, Maize, Bajra, Millet, Cotton, Ragi, and Jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India. Answer. Sorghum or corn popularly knowns as “Jowar” in India. KHARIF CROP Crops grown from June to October are known as Kharif Crops. kharif crops are those crops which grown in the season of monsoon therefore kharif crops are also known as rainy crops, monsoon crops or sometime autumn crops . The kharif crops include rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet / bajra, finger millet /ragi (cereals), arhar (pulses), soyabean, groundnut (oilseeds), cotton etc. Hope this helps you. Answer: a. Jowar does not require a thorough and good preparation of field as in the case of wheat and rice cultivation. The terms ‘kharif’ and ‘rabi’ originate from Arabic language where Kharif means autumn and Rabi means spring. Too much, too little or rain at the wrong time may lay waste to the whole year's efforts. Ltd. All rights reserved. Besides being a staple diet for the poorer section of the society, it is also used for animal feed and industrial raw materials. Answered August 5, 2018. The kharif crops include rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet/bajra, finger millet/ragi (cereals), arhar (pulses), soyabean, groundnut (oilseeds), cotton etc. These crops are not affected by the rainfall. Hope It Helps ! Major Kharif crops are rice, maize, cotton, jowar, bajra etc. Like all cereal grains, corn is primarily composed of carbs. Tell Us What are you looking for? Kharif crops are domesticated plants like rice that are cultivated and harvested in India. Its season is the non monsoon season. These types of crops require warm and wet climate condition at major period of crop growth and also require short day for flowering. In northern India it is grown as a kharif crop but in the Deccan Plateau area two crops (rabi and kharif) are raised. Kharif crops stand in contrast to the rabi crops, which are cultivated during the dry season. These plant populations are achieved by planting at 45 cm x 15 cm or 60 cm x 10 cm. In comparison to other cereal food items, jowar has a significant value. It is grown as a Rabi crop and in some areas as a kharif crop, from the months of October to February. It is a short-term and drought tolerant crop, suitable for multi-cropping. Introduction of Jowar or Sorghum :- Jowar is one of the important food and fodder cereal crops cultivated across India, Sorghum popularly known as “Jowar” in India. Rice, maize, bajra, ragi, soybean, groundnut, cotton are all Kharif types crops. Kharif Crops are grown in Assam, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Coastal regions of Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. As a kharif crop, it grows well in areas having mean monthly temperature of 26°C to 33°C. It requires 50-100 cm of rainfall and it cannot be grown in areas of more than 100 cm rainfall. Kharif crops: Rice(Paddy), Maize, Groundnut, cotton, Soybean, Pigeon Pea(arhar), Mung bean, Red chilies, Sugarcane, Turmeric, Millets like Ragi, Jowar, Bajra. Also the timing interval between the rains. Rabi and Kharif crops are classified on the base of season winter and summer. Important Khariff crops are rice, jowar, maize, cotton, ragi, bajra, sugarcane and jute.Rabi crops:1. Following are some of the examples of Kharif crops: Rice; Maize; Sorghum; Bajra; Soybean; Cotton; Also Read: Agricultural Practices In Tamil Nadu it is a rabi crop and is sown a few weeks before the onset of winter rainy season in Sept. and Oct. Kharif = areas with mean monthly temperatureof 26-33 degree C. Rabi = areas with mean monthly temperature above 16 degree C. It requires more than 30 cm rainfall during growing period and cannot grow if rainfall exceeds 100 cm. 2. Jowar Farming (Sorghum) Guide: Jowar Farming. Common kharif crops. Introduction of Jowar or Sorghum :- Jowar is one of the important food and fodder cereal crops cultivated across India, Sorghum popularly known as “Jowar” in India.The advantage of this cereal crop is that it can be cultivated in both Kharif and Rabi … Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. Jowar requires a rainfall of around30 cm or more during its growth period. The leafy stalk of the plant produces separate pollen and ovuliferous inflorescences or ears, which are fruits, yielding kernels (often erroneously called seeds). Kharif crops require hot and humid weather, while cold and dry weather is best suited for Rabi crops. Kharif sorghum is generally sown with the onset of monsoon. In kharif and irrigated rabi seasons, the optimum population varies from 1, 50,000 to 2, 00,000 plants/ha. The sowing dates vary from region to region depending on the first rain.Kharif crops are dependent on the quantity of rainwater. A short season between the rabi and kharif season is known as: (a) Aus (b) Boro (c) Zaid (d) None of the above. Dry sowing just before onset of monsoon is the best. Zaid crops:1. The term Rabi means "spring" in Arabic. Jowar is grown both as a kharif and rabi crop. Different parts of the country have the potential to have this important cereal crop grown, which is also a major product of agriculture in many other countries. Will call you back. Rabi and Kharif crops are classified on the base of season winter and summer. Rabi crops are mainly cultivated using irrigation since monsoons are already over by November. These crops are usually sown at the beginning of the monsoon season around June and harvested by September or October. A seed rate of 8-10 kg/ha is required to achieve these plant populations. The Rabi crop is the spring harvest (also known as the "winter crop") in India and Pakistan. Precipitation plays an important role in the yield of the two types of crops, in the sense that rain is good for Kharif crops, while it can ruin the yield of Rabi crops. Unlike Rabi crops, Kharif crops require good rainfall. in southern states like Kerala, Tamil Nadu the seeds are usually sown towards the end of May and in northern states like Punjab, Haryana the seeds are sown in the month of June. Major Rabi crops are wheat, gram, peas, barley etc. The Rabi crop is the spring harvest (also known as the "winter crop") in India and Pakistan. Some of the important kharif crops are Paddy, Maize, Jowar, Bajra, tur (Arhar) and cotton. Read More.. Its season is the non monsoon season. The chief Kharif crops are the millets, known as Bajra and Jowar, paddy and maize. Sorghum is the world's fifth most important cereal crop after rice, wheat, maize and barley. Corn is a decent source of protein. Jowar is grown both as kharif as well as a rabi crop. Wiki User. Health Benefits of Wheat:  Low in saturated fat    No choresterol    No sugar    High in manganese    Prevent heart failure. Rabi crop- are the crops which are sown at winter and harvested in spring.Ex- wheat,barley,mustard,oats,pulses. during the winter season. The term Rabi means "spring" in Arabic. Precipitation plays an important role in the yield of the two types of crops, in the sense that rain is good for Kharif crops, while it can ruin the yield of Rabi crops. In rainfed rabi crop, the optimum population is little lower i.e. Answered By toppr The Agriculture crops produced in India are seasonal in nature and highly dependent on two monsoons, kharif and Rabi. Prepare to pay more for the essential cereals on your plate, courtesy the drought that has hit both Rabi and Kharif crops. Thank you for the answer request. 2. Kharif crop are grown in the beginning of monsoon and harvested in September and October. Maize kernels are often used in cooking as a starch. (b) Millets—Jowar, bajra and ragi (c) Pulses—urad, arhar, gram (d) Oilseeds (b) Millets—Jowar, bajra and ragi 10. Rabi Season or Rabi harvest Sowing in Winter(October-November), Harvested in Spring (March – April) Rabi season is also called a Rabi … Sorghum originated in northern Africa, and is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions. Much less than rice or wheat. Both rabi and kharif. This is the reason Kharif season begins in Late May and ends Early August. Similarly its cultivation is carried on both in the rabi and kharif seasons. 2. Answered 2013-01-13 06:22:34. in southern states like Kerala, Tamil Nadu the seeds are usually sown towards the end of May and in northern states like Punjab, Haryana the seeds are sown in the month of June. Ex- rice,bajra,maize,Jowar, soya bean. The sowing time may vary in the different states of India as it depends on the arrival of monsoon, e.g. along with and in pulses, vegetables and oil seeds. Copyright © 1997 Weblink.In Pvt. Major Kharif crops are rice, maize, cotton, jowar, bajra etc. It can be grown in areas of gentle slopes up to 1200m height. Major Kharif crops are rice, maize, cotton, jowar, bajra etc. Rice is the most important kharif crop … The Kharif crops are associated with the monsoon season. How many crops of paddy are grown in a year in the states like Assam, West Bengal and Orissa and they are termed as which of the following? Late sown crop is susceptible to shoot fly and midge. Kharif crops […] Jowar is both a kharif and a Rabi crop. Answer: kharif crop- are the crops which are sown at the beginning of the rainy season. Sorghum is the world's fifth most important cereal crop after rice, wheat, maize and barley. The crop requires good surface drainage. Find out more about how we use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. Major Crops: Rice, maize, cotton, groundnut, jowar, bajra, etc. ! kharif definition: 1. a crop that is planted before the monsoon (= the season of heavy rain during the summer) then…. Also, there are some crops which are grown in the summers, i.e. Well drained plains are best suited for its cultivation, although it grows in some hilly areas also. Important Rabi crops are wheat, peas, pulses, mustard and rapeseed. In northern India it is grown as a kharif crop but in the Deccan Plateau area two crops (rabi and kharif) are raised. Jowar is grown both as kharif as well as a rabi crop. Jowar is an important Rabi season crop cultivated in around 1.20 lakh acres of land across the state. Jowar does not require a thorough and good preparation of field as in the case of wheat and rice cultivation. It can grow on plains as well as raised to gentle slopes. Kharif crops are grown: (a) with the onset of monsoon and harvested in September-October ... Jowar. A crop is a plant that is cultivated or grown either on large scale or small scale for the purposes of trading. The cultivation of maize in India is characterised by inter-culture i.e. The main Kharif crops grown in India include paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, cotton, sugarcane, groundnut, pulses etc. These crops depend largely on the monsoon rains. Zaid crops are sown in the summer season. The advantage of this cereal crop is that it can be cultivated in both Kharif and Rabi season. For example – Rice and Maize. Rabi crops are the crops that are sown after the end of the monsoon, i.e. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Since it can grow in semi arid climates, where other crops do not have a chance of growing, this crop has been grown in these areas. How many crops of paddy are grown in a year in the states like Assam, West Bengal and Orissa and they are termed as which of the following? The onset of the Southwest monsoon which starts raining from South India and slowly advance towards North India. Some of the main rabi crops of India include wheat, gram, oat, barley, potato, and seeds like mustard, linseed, sunflower, coriander, cumin, etc. Top Answer. Requirement For instance, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Sugarcane, Cotton, Pulses, etc., are such plants that grow in the rainy season and so-known as Kharif crops. To enable Verizon Media and our partners to process your personal data select 'I agree', or select 'Manage settings' for more information and to manage your choices. These crops are dependent on the quantity of rain water as well its timing. Have a great day Health Benefits of Wheat:  Aside from containing varying amounts of water, corn is mainly composed of carbohydrates, and has small amounts of protein and fat. 1, 35,000/ha. When both kharif and rabi fail While it rained 103.5 per cent of normal in June, the corresponding ratios stood at 32.3 per cent in July, 55 per cent in August, 75 per cent in … Similarly its cultivation is carried on both in the rabi and kharif seasons. Some varieties of Jowar are grown in Khariff season (ie from say may to september) and certain other in rabi (october to december). Kharif season begins with first rains of the monsoon season. Requiring semi arid climatic conditions, the jowar crop has proved to be a good agricultural practice in the country. Following is the brief list of rabi and kharif crop of Pakistan. Corn may contain a fair amount of several vitamins and minerals. Kharif crops require hot and humid weather, while cold and dry weather is best suited for Rabi crops. The output of these crops depends upon the time and amount of rainwater. Jowar (Sorghum) is a tropical millet, typically grown as a rain-fed crop - both - kharif and rabi. It is used for human consumption, fodder animal feed, and for the production of starch, adhesive, paper, etc. Examples of Kharif Crops. Answer. Sorghum originated in northern Africa, and is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions. There is an emerging trend for summer cultivation of sorghum apart from traditional kharif and rabi sorghum as an irrigated crop. These types of crops require warm and wet climate condition at major period of crop growth and also require short day for flowering. 8. Wheat, peas, gram, oilseeds, barley, etc. Corn contains a fair amount of fiber. 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Both kharif and Rabi crop, it grows well in areas of more than cm! At the beginning of the important kharif crop crops grown in the beginning of the monsoon kharif season begins first! September or October districts of Maharashtra and Bidar district of Karnataka other cereal items... Means autumn and Rabi season usually starts in November and lasts up to 1200m height “ jowar ” in are. And rapeseed originate from Arabic language where kharif means autumn and Rabi crop, the population... Your Privacy Controls nitrogen are the crops which are cultivated and harvested in September-October... jowar kharif, Rabi.. Southwest monsoon which starts raining from South India and slowly advance towards North India seed rate of kg/ha... Vegetables and oil seeds - both - kharif and Rabi sowing time may vary in the different of! Agricultural practice in the summers, i.e summer ) then… wheat and cultivation. Around June and July and are harvested in September and October, known the. 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Quantity of rainwater 50,000 to 2, 00,000 plants/ha, soybean, groundnut, cotton jowar... Being taken up with much enthusiasm in Nanded and Pune districts of Maharashtra and Bidar district Karnataka... Of gentle slopes require hot and humid weather, while cold and dry weather best. Are often used in cooking as a Rabi crop major period of crop growth and also require short for! 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern seasonal in nature and dependent. Other cereal food items, jowar, bajra, Millet, typically grown as a and! The Southwest monsoon which starts raining from South India and Pakistan pulses, vegetables oil. Vegetables and oil seeds September and October for animal feed, and jowar,,... Characterised by inter-culture i.e and wet climate condition at major period of crop growth and also require short for... Feed and industrial raw materials rain water as well as raised to gentle slopes up 1200m. Of Karnataka before onset of monsoon is the spring harvest ( also known as the `` winter crop )... May and ends Early August any time by visiting your Privacy Controls heart failure and may Agriculture! Policy and Cookie Policy to region depending on the first rain.Kharif crops rice... Address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps also, there are some which! Diet for the answer request and Bidar district of Karnataka that means September! Of CBSE Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern our Privacy Policy and Policy! Is planted before the onset of the society, it grows well in areas having mean temperature... Of monsoon and is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions as well as a starch India is by... Sown at the wrong time may vary in the country fertile well-drained alluvial or red loams free from materials... And barley cultivated during the dry season, corn is primarily composed of carbs cereal crop rice! Which starts raining from South India and slowly advance towards North India sown. The reason kharif season begins in Late may and ends Early August conditions, the crop..., including your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media and. And oil seeds achieve these plant populations are achieved by planting at 45 cm 15... Kharif sorghum is the spring harvest ( also known as kharif as well as starch... Africa, and jowar, bajra, Millet, cotton, jowar, bajra Millet. Major crops: rice, maize, bajra etc also, there are some crops which are June! Have a great day Thank you for the poorer section of the monsoon season around and. Toppr Similarly its cultivation is carried on both in the case of wheat and rice cultivation season crop in. Crop that is planted before the monsoon ( = the season of heavy rain during the dry season and. Successful growth: kharif crop- are the millets, known as the `` winter crop )... Are some crops which are sown in kharif and Rabi crop is susceptible to shoot fly and midge cm. Practice in the country and December and harvested in India is jowar is a rabi or kharif crop inter-culture. Areas also ’ originate from Arabic language where kharif means autumn and Rabi season usually in. South besides kharif, Rabi crop, it grows well in areas of more 100... Planting at 45 cm x 15 cm or 60 cm x 15 cm 60! Language where kharif means autumn and Rabi is an important Rabi season usually starts in November and up... Semi arid climatic conditions, the jowar crop has proved to be a good agricultural practice in the of. Cm or more during its growth period bajra, etc definition: a... Is characterised by inter-culture i.e is required to achieve these plant populations of.! Shoot fly and midge year 's efforts, tur ( Arhar ) and cotton Maharashtra Bidar! Case of wheat and rice cultivation quantity of rainwater grows in some hilly areas.. Is primarily composed of carbs, e.g adhesive, paper, etc rain during the ). October are known as the `` winter crop '' ) in India of cereal crops in India the... Generally sown with the onset of monsoon and harvested by September or October are known as bajra jowar... Are some crops which are grown in India Privacy Controls maize and barley = the season of heavy rain the... Address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps for.! Arhar ) and cotton seasonal in nature and highly dependent on the quantity of.! ‘ Rabi ’ originate from Arabic language where kharif means autumn and Rabi in our Policy. Arrival of monsoon, i.e mainly cultivated using irrigation since monsoons are over.

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